When it comes to detail work, small paint brushes can help you get the job done like no other can. As useful as they are, fine and delicate brushes demand equally delicate treatment. Here’s how to take care of your small brushes to keep them precise.
1. Get to Know Your Small Paint Brushes
Getting to know your paint brushes is the first step to taking good care of them. Your brushes can differ in materials and sizes, but their anatomy is always the same.
The very end of the bristles on a paint brush is called the tip. The tip may be flattened on some brushes, but it’s pointed on fine or small brushes.
After the tip, you’ll see the belly, which is the middle section of the bristles. It’s called “belly” because the bristles swell at that part. Typically, small paint brushes have a little belly, so they don’t absorb a lot of paint.
Next up is the metal part of the brush, referred to as the ferrule. It supports the bristles and attaches them to the handle. If you examine the edge of the ferrule closest to the handle, you’ll see a pinch-point called the crimp.
Lastly, we have the longest part of a paint brush that’s often made of wood; the handle. The best paint brushes offer a thick grip between the crimp and the middle of the handle because this is where you’ll most probably hold the brush.
2. Don’t Get Paint in the Ferrule
When you’re loading your brush with paint, do your best to avoid getting paint near or in the ferrule. It can be pretty hard to reach paint stuck between the ferrule and the base of the bristles, so many artists choose to ignore it because it seemingly doesn’t affect the tip of the brush
This is not true and here’s why:
The ferrule is what gives the tip of the bristles its shape — a sharp point. If you let paint build up inside the ferrule and it dries, the bristles will get “glued” together.
As a result, you’ll end up painting with a hardened stick instead of a fluffed brush. You’ll lose the tip’s shape and the bristles will split and bend at weird angles when you try to paint, giving you uneven strokes.
When this happens, restoring your brush can be very difficult. This is why is it’s best to protect your ferrule beforehand and avoid drenching it in paint.
You can do this by not going past the belly of the bristles when you’re picking up paint. If you do get paint in your ferrule, try to follow the steps below as quickly as possible:
- Grab some rubbing alcohol, a sewing needle, and a couple of paper towels.
- Soak the bristles in rubbing alcohol.
- Use a paper towel to squeeze out as much of the excess paint as possible.
- Take the sewing needle and gently push it between the bristles close to the ferrule. Then, move it towards the tip of the brush, to guide any remaining paint away from the ferrule.
- Repeat these steps until the base looks cleaner and bristles feel more flexible.
3. Use a Suitable Brush for Dry brushing
The dry brushing painting technique can save time yet still achieve great effects. But if you’re a fan of this method, then you know how quickly it can ruin a good brush.
Instead of using one of your small paint brushes for dry brushing, find an old splitting brush to take the fall. You’ll end up saving money by not preserving your nice brushes.
4. Never Let Paint Dry on Your Paint Brushes
One of the worst things you can do to your small brushes is let paint dries on their bristles. Not only will this make them a nightmare to clean, but it’ll also cause the bristles to become stiff and spread, resulting in uneven brush strokes.
Luckily, this scenario is easily avoidable by simply keeping your brushes wet while in use and cleaning them once you’re done.
The thing is, keeping a paint brush wet can be tricky if you’re working with acrylic paint since it uses a plastic polymer as a binder. Such material is easily altered by water, so even if you don’t notice any negative effects right away, watered-down acrylic paint will flake off of the canvas over time.
In this case, you should wash each brush before setting it down if you’re not going to use it for over 10 minutes at a time.
If you have trouble maintaining this, you can just keep a cup of clean water and a few paper towels at your painting station. Use these to swish your brushes in the water and then squeeze out the excess paint and water before putting them down for a while.
5. Don’t Store Your Brushes in Water Cups While Painting
A lot of people park their paint brushes, big and small, in water cups while painting. Unfortunately, they’re unaware that water can damage the bristles over time as well as mess up the shape of the tip due to the exerted pressure on it.
The right thing to do here is to store your small brushes flat on your painting station.
6. Avoid Using Hot Water to Clean Your Paint Brushes
You may think it’s reasonable to use hot water for cleaning paint brushes, but it’s something you should never do. Why? Because hot water causes oil and acrylic paints to clot.
So instead of washing away excess paint from your small brushes, you’ll have to deal with thick pieces of dried paint stuck on their bristles.
To avoid this hassle, clean your brushes using warm water. It’ll help you get the paint off more easily.
7. Don’t Use the Same Brush for Scooping Paint Out of the Pot, Mixing Paint, and Painting
Using the same small brush to take paint out of the pot, mix paint, and apply paint is a wrong move. That’s because each time you do it, some paint may get in the ferrule, or at the very least, some paint will be stuck to the end of the bristles.
Instead, use any splitting or low-quality brush you have lying around to scoop out and mix paint. Your good small brushes should only serve to apply paint to the canvas.
8. Change the Rinsing Water Regularly While Painting
Your small paint brushes may look clean when you rinse them in murky paint water, but in reality, they’re not. Such water contains a lot of paint particles, so there’s a chance you’ll damage the bristles and the ferrule if you store your brushes in it.
9. Clean Your Brushes with Dish Soap
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A dime-sized pump of dish soap along with some warm water should do the trick
10. Use Olive Oil or Vinegar to Remove Hard-to-Wash Paints
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If you’re dealing with especially stubborn paint, try using olive oil or vinegar to clean your small paint brushes.
- For oil paint, soak the bristles in olive oil for about 20 to 25 minutes.
- For acrylic paint, heat some white vinegar in a microwave until warm then soak the bristles in the vinegar for about 10 to 15 minutes.
Small Paint Brushes – Wrap Up
- FINE TIP MINIATURE PAINT BRUSH SET includes all your pointed liners, rounds, flats, and spot brushes. Perfect oil paint brush set for detailed...
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There you have it, 10 care tips to help you keep your small paint brushes precise.
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